FREE BOOK ⚫ The Beauty Myth: How Images of Beauty Are Used Against Women ½ eBook or Kindle ePUB free

FREE BOOK ô The Beauty Myth: How Images of Beauty Are Used Against Women à The bestselling classic that redefined our view of the relationship between beauty and female identity In today s world, women have power, legal recognition, and professional success than ever before Alongside the evident progress of the women s movement, however, writer and journalist Naomi Wolf is troubled by a different kind of social control, which, she argues, may prove just as restrictive as the traditional image of homemaker and wife It s the beauty myth, an obsession with physical perfection that traps the modern woman in an endless spiral of hope, self consciousness, and self hatred as she tries to fulfill society s impossible definition of the flawless beauty Retroland women have power Contract Marital, Vol. II: Damian legal recognition Vara în care mama a avut ochii verzi and professional success than ever before Alongside the evident progress of the women s movement The Pale King however Pleasure and Pain (Submitting to Her writer and journalist Naomi Wolf is troubled by a different kind of social control Person-Centred Counselling for People with Dementia: Making Sense of Self which The Policeman Who Had Small Feet she argues His Little Miss may prove just as restrictive as the traditional image of homemaker and wife It s the beauty myth Second in Command an obsession with physical perfection that traps the modern woman in an endless spiral of hope Gangster Capitalism: The United States and the Globalization of Organized Crime self consciousness Becoming Lil Mandy (Eden, and self hatred as she tries to fulfill society s impossible definition of the flawless beauty God dammit, this is such an important argument, why can t it be better presented Wolf clearly takes her cue from Betty Friedan, but Friedan s argument was devastating, fully exposing the manifestations of a myth in our culture Meanwhile, Naomi Wolf writes a hopelessly sloppy and superficial analysis that falls into one of the great pits of the literature of social change assumption of conspiracy and or a myth functioning as a conscious organism instead of a complex assemblage of assumptions, God dammit, this is such an important argument, why can t it be better presented Wolf clearly takes her cue from Betty Friedan, but Friedan s argument was devastating, fully exposing the manifestations of a myth in our culture Meanwhile, Naomi Wolf writes a hopelessly sloppy and superficial analysis that falls into one of the great pits of the literature of social change assumption of conspiracy and or a myth functioning as a conscious organism instead of a complex assemblage of assumptions, s, norms, and attitudes Oh shit, I ll have to bring her up at my secret man meeting next week.It feels like she had a string of wise observations, and indeed some of them are extremely wise Does a beauty myth exist Is the beauty industry evil and manipulative Do we live in a society that encourages eating disorders and violence against women The answer to these is absolutely, obviously, yes But then, rather than generating an argument analyzing how a beauty myth is generated and effected, she merely spits out her data polemically, and some of those data are rather suspect.As someone who has read and continues to read a lot of critical theory cultural studies stuff, I hate to say it, but writing like this is a direct effect of the golden age of high theory in North America roughly 1975 95 Impressions were privileged over data, screeds over arguments Shit like this could fly with both the reading public and the academic left back in 1989, but looking back, it seems amateurish Naomi Wolf, please, I really want to like you, but let s do better next time, let s A seminal feminist work, The Beauty Myth digs into the ways that the pursuit of beauty has hampered feminism How many women rush to pursue the next makeup line instead of equal pay for equal work How many women are in a Catch 22 at work you must be pretty and feminine, but not TOO pretty and feminine, else it s your fault for sexual harassment At a time when many are saying there is no need for feminism, Wolf shows that sexism is still alive and well and how trying to adhere to the Perfec A seminal feminist work, The Beauty Myth digs into the ways that the pursuit of beauty has hampered feminism How many women rush to pursue the next makeup line instead of equal pay for equal work How many women are in a Catch 22 at work you must be pretty and feminine, but not TOO pretty and feminine, else it s your fault for sexual harassment At a time when many are saying there is no need for feminism, Wolf shows that sexism is still alive and well and how trying to adhere to the Perfect Woman is holding women back.As I digandinto feminism, particularly the portion where women take great pains to look the part that society tells them sexual, but not TOO sexual, smart but not TOO smart , I kept seeing this book Every current feminist work brings it up therefore, it must be amazing right Up there with Friedmam s The Feminine Mystique and Gloria Steinem OK, so I haven t read either, but I DO plan on rectifying that at one point So when a friend of mine recommended we buddy read this, I figured, Why not But and you knew this was coming I had a great many problems with this book, from writing style to over generalizations to some of the messages to how dated it seems now That is not to say this book has no good points or wasn t influential at the time I ll bet back in the early 90 s, there wasn t as much information about the push for women to be beautiful over their rights Nowadays, practically every feminist work talks about how women are forced to adhere to a certain beauty stereotype hence how I discovered this book in the first place But just because a book is a classic , doesn t mean it s above criticism I can appreciate what it meant to the feminist movement, while also A not liking it and B specifying how and why.First off, the good Let me allow Wolf s words to speak for herself Whenever we dismiss or do not hear a woman on televisison or in print because our attention has been drawn to her size or makeup or clothing or hairstyle, the beauty myth is working with optimum efficiency If a single standard were applied equally to men as to women in TV journalism, most of the men would be unemployed The myth urges women to believe that it s every woman for herself to tell a woman she is ugly can make her feel ugly, act ugly, and, as far as her experience is concerned, be ugly, in the place where feeling beautiful keeps her whole If the public woman is stigmatized as too pretty , she s a threat, a rival or simply not serious if derided as too ugly , one risks tarring oneself with the same brush by identifying oneself with her agenda Few women have a strong sense of bodily identity, and the beauty myth urges us to see a beautiful mask as preferable to our own faces and bodies Women s bodies are portrayed as attractive packaging around an empty boxeach woman has to learn for herself, from nowhere, how to feel sexual though she learns constantly how to look sexual What women look like is considered important because what we say is not Young women now are being bombarded with a kind of radiation sickness brought on by overexposure to images of beauty pornography, the only source offered then of ways to imagine female sexuality Men are visually aroused by women s bodiesbecause they are trained early into that response, while women are less visually aroused andemotionally aroused because that is their training Each and every one of these, I can agree with a hearty, YES How many of our newsanchors are old white guys How many times must we hear about Katie Couric s hair, when we heard next to nothing about Dan Rather s or Tom Brokaw s What about how critical we are of other women s appearances and the popularity of What Were They Thinking Almost exclusively populated with WOMEN BTW and most as if the stars themselves picked out the garments instead of a publicist With quotes like these, how can this book be so bad How about ruining it with wild, baseless accusations, generalizations run amicably and the most confusing, rambling, never ending narrative For each time that Wolf says something great like this, we have to hear things like Studies of a users show that violence, once begun, escalates Cosmetic survey is the fastest growing medical speciality This was NOT edited this is how it appeared in the book Plastic surgery being compared to a violation of human rights, Nazism genocide, and female genital mutilation no, I am not kidding Last I checked, plastic surgery was a CHOICE, maybe a poor choice women feel like they need to make to keep a youthful appearance, but a choice nonetheless NO ONE is making women do them compare that to female genital mutilation, which is NOT a choice by any means The conspiracy theory that women don t have a choice such as for plastic surgery or buying makeup That is, until women DO have a choice and can choose to unite with other women First off, who is at the head of this conspiracy Those evul menzfolk The government Society in general Secondly, while some women will cave to society s pressures, many do not Most days, I don t wear any makeup or use any skincare products I know tons of women who are likewise Women are feeding their skins as a way to feed themselves the love of which many are deprived Maybe they have acne No distinction between losing weight FOR HEALTH and to adhere to the skinny model In fact, in this day and age of obesity, this book overlooks eating disorders besides anorexia which the author had as a teenager and bulimia Vilifying cancer patients for breast implants even though these patients may have had mastectomies our portions testify to and reinforce our sense of social inferiority Uh, no, I eat smaller meals to be healthy If I ate everything I wanted until I was full, I d look like a whale especially with the way the food industry designs food so that we eatThe demonic characterizations of a simple body substance do not arise from it s physical properties but from old fashioned misogyny, for above all fat is female Some fat is unhealthy too And in this day and age, with obesity on the rise Where are the woman activists of the new generation, the fresh blood to infuse energy into second wave burnout and exhaustion up to a fifth of them are so quiet because they are starving to death Jumping to conclusion much If you are woman of color or outside the upper middle class bracket, well, I guess you don t suffer from The Beauty Myth, or not like us poor middle upper class white women The book is so overwhelming biased towards the white middle upper class woman, it s embarrassing.And this goes on and on Generalization followed by conspiracy theory followed by Woe is me, poor over privileged middle class white woman followed by dubious assertion, all told in the most challenging language possible It just irritates me to no end to see these great ideas buried and undermined by such faulty sentiments.There were so many times in my nearly 5 months of reading this that I was tempted to give up I honestly was doubting I d ever finish it If you absolutely must read all feminist works, then you should pick this up, but there have GOT to be better non fiction books on the subject than this which is somewhat ironic, given its status as the go to manual for women and beauty I highly recommend it to everyone, not just women I think is is really important for men to read books like this, too It is all about how the A Our modern ideals of beauty are mostly driven by the advertising industry and not intrinsic cultural or biological preferences, and B How our modern ideals of beauty put women at a disadvantage to men I have a few disagreements with her, listed below, but I agree with her in general and it s a really good book to read, even if you are not going to a I highly recommend it to everyone, not just women I think is is really important for men to read books like this, too It is all about how the A Our modern ideals of beauty are mostly driven by the advertising industry and not intrinsic cultural or biological preferences, and B How our modern ideals of beauty put women at a disadvantage to men I have a few disagreements with her, listed below, but I agree with her in general and it s a really good book to read, even if you are not going to agree with her, just to make yourself think about some of the questions she raises.Concerns 1 Data she plays fast and loose with her statistics sometimes I have no doubt that data in the form in which I wish she had presented it i.e percentages instead of absolute figures, or comparable figures across time geography would still back her up, but her argument is less compelling with the current hodgepodge of data.2 Biological perspective I understand that s not what this is about, but as a bio anthro major, I just can t let it go entirely There are some attributes of modern American beauty, like extreme thinness, that are not found in too many other cultures, and those probably ARE driven by the ad agencies and other cultural institutions as Wolf argues But, there are other attributes, such as a low waist to hip ratio having a skinny waist relative to your hips, regardless of the absolute size of your waist that are near universal I think the biological theory that this desire is driven by signals that a woman is fertile explain this universality a lot better than Wolf s theories of stakeholders of power that perpetuate cultual ideas useful to themselves Which brings me to3 Who are these cultural oppressors Wolf never really makes clear who The Man , my term not hers, that is perpetuating all these ideas Yes, she does specify that the ad agencies are part of The Man and that the average guy is not But there does seem to be an unwritten undercurrent of an idea that there are power stakeholders out there conspiring to keep women down I favor explanations that A don t require one to believe in concerted actions by groups i.e conspiracies , and B assume that all actors are acting in their own self interest This is why I believe her about the ad agencies They getif they sellweight loss products and cosmetics, so of course they want women to think they are fat and ugly But who else besides the ad agencies are responsible for all this A very popular book in the relatively modern feminism movement, I have mixed thoughts on this It s a book I wanted to like but couldn t.Wolf s basic premise is that beauty is an artifical concept that is used systematically to oppress women primarily for political purposes The book is replete with figures, statistics, citations a total of 268 , and quotes, which are distributed throughout six sections or topics work, culture, religion, sex, hunger, and violence In each section, Wolf att A very popular book in the relatively modern feminism movement, I have mixed thoughts on this It s a book I wanted to like but couldn t.Wolf s basic premise is that beauty is an artifical concept that is used systematically to oppress women primarily for political purposes The book is replete with figures, statistics, citations a total of 268 , and quotes, which are distributed throughout six sections or topics work, culture, religion, sex, hunger, and violence In each section, Wolf attempts to show how the concept of beauty has historically kept women in positions of inferiority and how it continues to do so In general, I agree that political oppression does exist and that patriarchal and religious structures are a root cause of this I also agree that the image of the ideal woman that dominates in popular culture is problematic and troubling in multiple ways But I cannot follow Wolf s steps to reach her over reaching conclusion.First, and not necessarily foremost, the information offered by Wolf paints a dismal portrait of how women have been objectified, lied to, and exploited for centuries I completely get that But the information appears clumsily pasted together, inconsistently presented, and at times set forth with no citations at all There were many instances where I wondered if a sentence or phrase in quotations marks was a quote from a source or from Wolf herself This is inexcusable in any scholarly work, and so in this case it is an additional reason why I don t consider The Beauty Myth a scholarly work Rather, it issuitable as a compilation of the research of others Unfortunately, what Wolf clearly provides as supporting documentation or research is almost exclusively that supporting documentation There are scant contrary voices here We are presented with Wolf s side and only her side There s little for Wolf to actually dispute because, well, everything proves her thesis Everything.Second, I found little in the way of actual argumentation here What we see are statistics, anecdotes, and statements from others that state how women have been treated in various circumstances, and these are quite alarming and insidious But she doesn t adequately connect the how to the why Somehow, broad and general declarations are supposed to get us there, and there are few attempts to address other possible causes.Third, the problem may not so much be beauty, but simply the nature of capitalism At times, Wolf railed against the marketplace and I had the expectation that she was going to channel Karl Marx Surprisingly, she did not But the nature of capitalism is that some thrive while others whither Advertising preys upon the consumer in every avenue of life just as clothing and cosmetics manufacturers use ads to engender desire in their target audience One needs an i Phone just as a woman needs another shade of rouge This is nothing new Why must Wolf attribute it to somethinggrandiose and far reaching than the simple drive for profit using psychology as a lever and insecurity as a fulcrum We see this in pharmaceuticals, hair growth products, gym equipment, auto commercials, herpes medicine, and presidential campaigns There s no mystery here.As a whole, it s as if this development of the beauty myth were another necessary progression in history, as naturally as it seemed to follow from what preceded it Wolf posits at one point that the artificial concept of beauty is perpetuated and transformed actively and institutionally, as if there is a grand conspiracy to imprison women by creating an idea of beauty as a weapon But she doesn t satisfy the need or perhaps just my need for an explanation Her theory does imply a conspiracy a worldwide conspiracy by folks who are positively brilliant and to whom women must be completely transparent and malleable.On an unrelated point, I was annoyed near the start by the hasty denial of any relationship between evolution or sexual selection and beauty it was given one whole paragraph Instead, Wolf says that beauty is subjective and provides a few examples from diverse cultures to make the point Beauty is in the eye of the beholder, as they say This is true enough But in the end, Wolf says, all women are beautiful Thus, beauty is ultimately a nullity It means nothing But Wolf doesn t mind using flattery to make a point.What astounds me is that in all this discussion of beauty, women, and sexuality, there s virtually no examination of the relevance of gender or homosexuality check the index it s mentioned on two pages Perhaps she wanted to offend her 1991 audience with some pointed statements, but not too much There s no genuine reflection on what the terms masculine or feminine really mean, although they re used casually enough as if their meaning is beyond question And she also attempts to link the practice of plastic surgery to eugenics performed by the Nazis I found this to be absurd It s also worrying that Wolf subsequently admitted to Time magazine that some of her statistics in the book were overstated and that it appears she removed some of those figures from later editions.Although I ve used much of this space to criticize Wolf s book, I also think that its examples of open and shameless brutality, psychological as well as physical, against women are enlightening and mortifying In spite of the book s shortcomings, it raises pointed concerns that demand and now receive serious attention For that, Wolf deserves kudos