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|Download E-pub ó The Greeks: A Great Adventure ñ Chapter headingsThe Mycenaean Age The Iron Age The Age of Colonization The Rise of Sparta The Age of Tyrants The Rise of Athens Asia Minor The Persian War The Golden Age The Peloponnesian War Sparta In Control Decline Macedonia The Successors of Alexander The Twilight of Freedom The Hellenistic Monarchies Rome and Constantinople The Ottoman Empire Table of Dates Que manera m s asequible de acercarse a la historia, Isaac Asimov la presenta de una manera clara, concisa y muy interesante. No s si Asimov agrup sus libros de Historia en una colecci n como hizo, con sus traducciones, Alianza Editorial que los coloca bajo el t tulo gen rico de Historia Universal Asimov Desde luego, esa denominaci n ofende un poco mi sensibilidad C mo podemos hablar de Historia Universal si no hay un cap tulo dedicado a Espa a, en cuyo imperio, en determinado momento, no se pon a el Sol Si no hay otro libro dedicado a Portugal, con quien Espa a se reparti el mundo en un tratado sancionado No s si Asimov agrup sus libros de Historia en una colecci n como hizo, con sus traducciones, Alianza Editorial que los coloca bajo el t tulo gen rico de Historia Universal Asimov Desde luego, esa denominaci n ofende un poco mi sensibilidad C mo podemos hablar de Historia Universal si no hay un cap tulo dedicado a Espa a, en cuyo imperio, en determinado momento, no se pon a el Sol Si no hay otro libro dedicado a Portugal, con quien Espa a se reparti el mundo en un tratado sancionado por el Papa si tampoco hay otro cap tulo dedicado a China si no hay una menci n a los grandes imperios africanos que, en su momento, amenazaron a Europa almor vides, almohades o que proporcionaron el oro sobre el que se basaron las econom as europeas imperio de Mali Alianza habr a hecho mejor en agrupar esos libros como algunas estampas de la historia universal.Dicho lo anterior, tambi n conviene se alar que Asimov hizo un excelente trabajo divulgativo, faceta menos conocida de un autor famoso por sus obras de ciencia ficci n Me imagino que tuvo a todo un equipo de recopiladores de datos a los que que luego Asimov dio conjunto y un tono de novela que no se puede soltar hasta acabarla Los pasajes llevan intriga que incita a la continuaci n de la lectura y est n pre ados de una deliciosa iron a y, a veces, hasta sarcasmo.Este libro dedicado a los griegos cl sicos no es el mejor para mis intereses, pero est a la altura y contiene deliciosas an cdotas Lo le hace un cuarto de siglo pero todav a no se me han olvidado algunos pasajes referidos a la Magna Grecia y, de forma especial, a la legendaria ciudad de S baris cuyos habitantes, los sibaritas, han encarnado en el imaginario popular el lujo y refinamiento enfermizos.Debo advertir que la colecci n Asimov en general no se apoya en los m s recientes descubrimientos y corrientes de la historiograf a moderna tanto m s si consideramos que el autor public en ingl s estos libros en los a os 60 Incluso algunas de las ideas que difunden ya hab an sido cuestionadas por historiadores del momento El valor de Los griegos reside en ser una obra de divulgaci n muy entretenida para el lego en la materia que se quiera formar una idea de conjunto.Yo no releer este libro me faltan demasiadas obras maestras de la literatura universal La Il ada o La Odisea, u obras menores de los griegos como Las guerras del Peloponeso de Tuc dides , como para regresar a esta obrita que, sin embargo, me arranc unas buenas sonrisas Con todo, recomiendo su lectura a quien le interese la historia, a quien todav a no se haya aficionado a esa rama del saber o, simplemente, a quien quiera pasar un buen rato I remember this book fondly from reading a copy from the school library some 22 years ago, and now that I at long last have a copy of my own, I found that it held up well.Asimov entertainingly narrates in 18 chapters the history of Greece from the Mycenean Age i.e., Bronze Age though a brief mention of the still earlier Minoan Period is made down to the present at the time of publication 1964 The book, as one might expect and possibly desire, is heavily weighted towards coverage of classi I remember this book fondly from reading a copy from the school library some 22 years ago, and now that I at long last have a copy of my own, I found that it held up well.Asimov entertainingly narrates in 18 chapters the history of Greece from the Mycenean Age i.e., Bronze Age though a brief mention of the still earlier Minoan Period is made down to the present at the time of publication 1964 The book, as one might expect and possibly desire, is heavily weighted towards coverage of classical Greece, leaving only the last two chapters to cover the most recent two thousand years.Everything you would expect to find is here the rise of the city states, the Persian War, the shifting alliances between the city states, the Peloponnesian War, the rise and decline of Sparta, the Achaean League, the fate of Syracuse, the conquests of Alexander the Great and Hellenization of the ancient Near East, the successor kingdoms, and the rise of Rome Asimov being who he was, all of the famous Greek playwrights, historians, and philosophers are introduced at appropriate points in the narrative, alongside the political and military leaders who drive the conventional historical flow The author takes particular care to note the scientific observations of the ancient Greeks that have survived the test of time, whether they were retained by later Western civilization, or regrettably forgotten only to be recovered later, sometimes after an interim of a thousand years or.Asimov was an admitted classical Hellenophile and his enthusiasm for his subject suffuses practically every page Nevertheless his survey is far from an uncritical one, even when it comes to his beloved Athenians, and he does not hesitate to remind the reader that this foundation of Western culture was built, propagated, and sustained on the backs of slaves His disdain for the Spartans the most slavery dependent and anti democratic of all the Greek city states is sufficiently overt that it is amusing rather than insidious, and a welcome counterweight to the recent fetishization of the Spartans in popular culture But Asimov is careful to give Sparta its due The parenthetical question mark is because one will note that Spartans has for decades been occasionally used for the name of a sports team, but neither Athenians nor Macedonians are, despite the comparable military achievements of Athens and the superior ones of Macedonia I suspect the Spartans have long been admired by reactionaries While targeted at older schoolchildren under the publisher s juvenile imprint, the book can profitably be read by adults particularly those who lament the erosion of classical education Especially helpful is Asimov s offer of a phonetic pronunciation with accent marks of nearly every proper noun or proper adjective used, on its first occurrence Because of the tortuous manner in which Greek names have made it into English explained by Asimov on page 5 in the only footnote in the book this is terribly useful I noted with interest that his pronunciation of Leonidas the famous Spartan king who fought at Thermopylae, recently portrayed in film by Gerard Butler differs from that currently used, instead placing stress on the second syllable lee on ih das , as he renders it This pronunciation agrees with the only one offered in my copy of the American Heritage Dictionary, fourth edition, as it happens This may thus serve as a shibboleth identifying people who didn t get their ancient Greek history from 300.I have three gripes with the book first, there are so many proper nouns and adjectives used that later in the book one sometimes forgets how each should be spoken the only recourse is to go to the index, figure out that the first usage usually, but not always, is accompanied by the pronunciation key, and go look it up Had Asimov ever revised the work, I would like to think he would have also placed pronunciations in the index, or otherwise addressed this matter.Secondly, Asimov offers no sources for his research nor suggestions for further reading While Asimov was famous for his powers of retention and breadth of reading, the notion that he prepared his manuscript from notes prompted only by his own recollections beggars belief As I have come to devourandof Asimov s nonfiction corpus, I am disappointed to identify this as a systematic failing on his part, and not just a symptom of this title being aimed at middle and high school children Even in his three autobiographies memoirs, Asimov calls out only one work of history for praise, and that is Edward Gibbon s Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire As much of a self confessed narcissist as he was, Asimov is too openly admiring of the work of others particularly scientists to sustain a charge that he felt a reader needed no books other than his own His reticence to cite his sources is therefore a mystery to me This is a point I d greatly like to discuss further with other Asimovophiles.My last complaint, by contrast, cannot be laid at the doorstep of the author I must lament that this book has been allowed to go out of print and never saw a paperback edition As it is, one must haunt used bookstores orMarketplace for copies, and most of those on offer seem to be former library books Evenregrettably, this title in particular goes for ridiculous prices, at least onup to seventy dollars, regardless of condition There are also multiple entries for it, despite the fact that there is only one identifiable printing If you don t want to feel ripped off, you may have to stake out the listings for weeks or months to snap up a good deal from a reputable seller If there is little to be gained commercially from resurrecting and reprinting this book and there may not be then I wish Asimov s estate would release the text into the public domain Or if they feel money must be made, they should sell the rights to Dover Publications.My complaints with the work itself are minor, however The Greeks was a joy to read, and I look forward to reading the other thirteen or so history titles Asimov wrote for Houghton Mifflin Los libros de historia de Asimov siempre me hacen aprender muchas cosas nuevas y a la vez revisar mis conceptos sobre conocimientos anteriores Me queda m s clara la historia de Grecia, con sus m ltiples etapas y personajes Dentro de los innumerables y muy populares que hay, me quedo con dos poco conocidos que me llamaron la atenci n Critias, dem crata ateniense que luego se vuelve pol mico tirano y que adem s era escritor y Timol on, todo un ejemplo de adulto mayor al que le lleg el reconoci Los libros de historia de Asimov siempre me hacen aprender muchas cosas nuevas y a la vez revisar mis conceptos sobre conocimientos anteriores Me queda m s clara la historia de Grecia, con sus m ltiples etapas y personajes Dentro de los innumerables y muy populares que hay, me quedo con dos poco conocidos que me llamaron la atenci n Critias, dem crata ateniense que luego se vuelve pol mico tirano y que adem s era escritor y Timol on, todo un ejemplo de adulto mayor al que le lleg el reconocimiento a los 70 a os cuando se puso en primera l nea de batalla contra Cartago y obtuvo su propio cap tulo en las Vidas paralelas de Plutarco