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This is a must read for anyone from Taiwan Formosa , living in Taiwan, or planning to move here I have learned so much about the recent past of this county, which has given me invaluable insight on the current day environment of Taiwan In so many ways, I now understand why Taiwan is the way Taiwan is I ll leave it at that 5 5 as an informative non fiction4 for readability4.5 average 228 is a national day of remembrance in Taiwan It is the day when a Formosan was killed by Chinese national soldiers, after they tried to stop a woman from selling cigarettes, generating an angry crowd for beating her and taking her money This incident set of a chain of events that resulted in tens of thousands of executions and deaths.That February 28 2 28 1947 incident is to focal point of the book The author, assigned to the American Consulate in Taipei at the time, gives the histori 228 is a national day of remembrance in Taiwan It is the day when a Formosan was killed by Chinese national soldiers, after they tried to stop a woman from selling cigarettes, generating an angry crowd for beating her and taking her money This incident set of a chain of events that resulted in tens of thousands of executions and deaths.That February 28 2 28 1947 incident is to focal point of the book The author, assigned to the American Consulate in Taipei at the time, gives the historical background to this pivotal event, still engraved in the memory of many Taiwanese The background starts with Taiwan under Japanese rule, and with the Cairo declaration by the World War II Allies including China of the disposition of lands acquired and held by Japan as early as 1895 It moves on to the very slow removal of Japanese at World War II s end, and allowing the Nationalist Chinese to act as managers of the island At the time of the handover 1945 Taiwan had a strong infrastructure, Taiwanese were able to feed themselves well, and relative to mainland Chinese were very well off, well educated, and had rules of law which were followed The author is a very good writer, and does a wonderful job building the story of ultimate disillusion by the Taiwanese with the mainland Chinese, many of whom had not seen a bicycle, and who taught that Taiwanese were barbarian , and enemies to China because of they had been tainted by Japan Early in this occupation , the mainland Chinese were made to lose face The Chinese soldiers were not well disciplined and took from the population what they needed Further, the government that was put in place was for the most part very corrupt, ultimately robbing Taiwan of the surplus on the island, in the name of fighting the civil war on the mainland By the time of the incident, the Taiwanese were fed up with corruption and the Chinese are distrustful of the Taiwanese The author builds the tension so I often had to take breaks in reading the book to relax Of course, while only one person is killed on 228, that incident set in motion an attempt by the Taiwanese, at the request of the governor to reform the government The governor, Chen Yi, was just buying time On March 8 several boatloads of Chinese Army troups arrived, and created a reign of terror, killing tens of thousands of Taiwanese It was a time for settling scores.Then two years later, the Nationalists lose the civil war, and in mass numbers retreat to Taiwan And again the Taiwanese are forced to support this The book was first published in 1965, 18 years after the incident The author draws on his notes, on letters from many Taiwanese friends and colleagues, in putting together this accounting His final chapters talk about the reign of terror under Chiang Ching kuo Chiang Kai shek s son who was head of the secret police At the time of the writing he assumed Chiang Ching kuo would succeed his father, but he could not see the changes that ultimately took place to make Taiwan a vibrant democracy it is today.Throughout the book there are many references to the US role in Taiwan or roles they could have undertaken but refused to consider There was much reference to the US not wanting to have any territorial aspirations Also, the thought was the Taiwan was part of China, and the US would not interfere And how Truman made a statement that US had no interest in Taiwan or Korea there was a sharp about face on that when the communist invaded South Korea And in fact, that invasion saved the Chiang Kai shek regime s flow of dollars, since geographical location of Taiwan was finally appreciated by US policy makers In addition, there was another arm of the US government that was telling the US story of self determination of people, leading to a very mixed message from the US.The book also makes clear how different the Taiwanese experience had been from the mainland experience, having been separated since 1895 It also talks about how Chiang Kai shek his government did a lot to influence American opinion and policy.Throughout the book there is a strong theme of the desire by the Taiwanese to self rule, starting under Japanese rule, and the desire being very clearly articulated in the first years after Japan surrendered In addition, another theme is that in all of the decisions made about Taiwan, the Taiwanese were never consulted Depending on one s perspective, this does or does not make sense In short, if a war weary US had not conceded Taiwan back to China, there could be a very different geopolitics happening now.In short, this well written book is a unique contribution to the period around the February 28, 1947 incident, by a person who was in Taiwan at the time, who had a very strong back ground on Taiwan culture and many contacts in Taiwan, and who was able to follow the situation from afar when he was recalled I recommend this to anyone interested having a basis for contemporary Taiwan history and politics For anyone interested in Taiwanese history, this is a must read It covers the despicable hand off of Taiwan to the KMT fascists from China and in particular the 1947 massacre of Taiwanese bureaucrats and intellectuals Some 30,000 were murdered at this time. Important historical document detailing the plight of the Taiwanese as they were occupied by the Nationalists, andspecifically the 2 28 Incident Massacre which is still discussed, debated, and studied to this day. ( DOWNLOAD EPUB ) ☣ Formosa Betrayed ♼ Formosa Betrayed filmAlloCin Formosa Betrayed est un film ralis par Adam Kane avec James Van Der Beek, Wendy Crewson Synopsis Au dbut des annes , un agent du FBI est charg d enquter sur le meurtre d unFormosa BetrayedIMDb Directed by Adam Kane With James Van Der Beek, Wendy Crewson, John Heard, Will Tiao While unveiling a series of international conspiracies, anFormosa Betrayed Kerr, George H Livres NotRetrouvez Formosa Betrayed et des millions de livres en stock surAchetez neuf ou d occasion Formosa BetrayedRotten Tomatoes Formosa Betrayed Critics Consensus Though the real life drama it was inspired by could certainly form the basis for a worthwhile political action thriller, Formosa Betrayed isn t it Formosa Betrayed Trailer YouTube Official trailer for Formosa Betrayed, Centerpiece film for thePhiladelphia Asian American Film Festival Formosa Betrayed film WikipediaFormosa Betrayed Vipmovieshub Vipmovieshub In the early s, an FBI Agent is assigned to investigate the murder of a respected professor Through his investigation, he unearths a spider web of international secrets that has been thriving within college campuses across America for decades His investigation takes him across the Pacific to the island nation of Taiwan, where with the help of the outspoken widow and an unlikely spy, heFormosa Betrayed By George H Kerr Paperback Formosa Betrayed is a detailed, impassioned account of Chinese Nationalist KMT misrule that remains the most important English language book ever written about Taiwan Author George H Kerr lived in Taiwan in the late s, when the island was a colony of Japan During the war, he worked for the US Navy as a Taiwan expert Formosa Betrayed Kerr, George H Formosa Betrayed Paperback May ,by George H Kerr Author Badgers Parting Gifts Wendy Crewson Synopsis Au dbut des annes Ostend: Stefan Zweig, Joseph Roth, and the Summer Before the Dark un agent du FBI est charg d enquter sur le meurtre d unFormosa BetrayedIMDb Directed by Adam Kane With James Van Der Beek Ist Dieses Buch Ansteckend?: Erste Hilfe Für Hypochonder Wendy Crewson Magicborn John Heard Enemy on the Euphrates: The British Occupation of Iraq and the Great Arab Revolt 1914-1921 Will Tiao While unveiling a series of international conspiracies Kindersucher anFormosa Betrayed Kerr Urmel im Vulkan George H Livres NotRetrouvez Formosa Betrayed et des millions de livres en stock surAchetez neuf ou d occasion Formosa BetrayedRotten Tomatoes Formosa Betrayed Critics Consensus Though the real life drama it was inspired by could certainly form the basis for a worthwhile political action thriller Luke's Cut Formosa Betrayed isn t it Formosa Betrayed Trailer YouTube Official trailer for Formosa Betrayed The Liberation of Sita Centerpiece film for thePhiladelphia Asian American Film Festival Formosa Betrayed film WikipediaFormosa Betrayed Vipmovieshub Vipmovieshub In the early s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and Other Novels an FBI Agent is assigned to investigate the murder of a respected professor Through his investigation Le Dernier des justes he unearths a spider web of international secrets that has been thriving within college campuses across America for decades His investigation takes him across the Pacific to the island nation of Taiwan Mitternacht ist ein Ort where with the help of the outspoken widow and an unlikely spy Court of Lions heFormosa Betrayed By George H Kerr Paperback Formosa Betrayed is a detailed I Can't Make You Love Me, but I Can Make You Leave impassioned account of Chinese Nationalist KMT misrule that remains the most important English language book ever written about Taiwan Author George H Kerr lived in Taiwan in the late s Vingespenn when the island was a colony of Japan During the war Wenn Kinder trotzen he worked for the US Navy as a Taiwan expert Formosa Betrayed Kerr C/C++. Программирование на языке высокого уровня George H Formosa Betrayed Paperback May ,by George H Kerr Author Acud a este libro para acercarme a la bibliograf a taiwanesa enun intento de comprender la actual situaci n entre China continental y la isla de Taiw n Lejos estaba de imaginarme el complejo marco que subyace tras las tensiones actuales Especialmente nunca sospech que en en 1945, fue el KMT, el actual gobierno de la isla, el protagonista del expolio de la isla Es un libro que sutilmente trata y da mucho qu pensar sobre la soberan a leg tima de un territorio Hasta qu punto un gobierno de Acud a este libro para acercarme a la bibliograf a taiwanesa enun intento de comprender la actual situaci n entre China continental y la isla de Taiw n Lejos estaba de imaginarme el complejo marco que subyace tras las tensiones actuales Especialmente nunca sospech que en en 1945, fue el KMT, el actual gobierno de la isla, el protagonista del expolio de la isla Es un libro que sutilmente trata y da mucho qu pensar sobre la soberan a leg tima de un territorio Hasta qu punto un gobierno de una isla es leg timo en mantenerse La dominaci n de la isla a lo largo de la historia ha pasado por diversas manos Los japoneses fueron los primeros en establecer peque os asentamientos de pescadores alrededor de la isla Los espa oles fueron los primeros europeos en llegar a Formosa Construyeron un par de fuertes en Tamsui y Keelung 1626 , aunque su presencia fue meramente testimonial Los holandeses poco despu s echar an a los espa oles de la isla y formar an el primer gobierno 1642 efectivo en la isla Fue durante esta poca cuando hubo migraciones masivas de los chinos continentales durante las guerras civiles de la dinast a Ming As como los holandeses establecieron colegios y misiones para los abor genes, los inmigrantes chinos los trataban como subhumanos y consideraban que hab an de extinguirlos Los chinos, cansados de los abusivos impuestos que pon an los holandeses, se rebelar an bajo el mando de Cheng Cheng Kung Koxinga y les expulsaron en 1662 Koxinga se mostr como defensor de la dinast a Ming y propuso la invasi n de la China continental para expulsar a la dinast a Qing Sin embargo veinte a os despu s, eran los chinos continentales los que estaban preparados para invadir la isla, por lo que finalmente se firm un tregua y Taiw n pas a ser dependencia de la provincia de Fukien Durante doscientos a os de dominio continental la isla qued en el olvido administrativo y se consideraba una de las regiones m s peligrosas y menos saludables de todo Oriente En 1887 el gobierno chino ascendi el rango de la isla a provincia, aunque en la pr ctica dos tercios del territorio estaban fuera de control En 1895, tras ser derrotados por Jap n, la isla pas a manos de los japoneses Durante este per odo nadie jam s cuestion la soberan a de los japoneses sobre la isla, quienes la modernizaron y la sacaron del caos que se encontraba Fue sin embargo durante la segunda guerra mundial, en el tratado de El Cairo de 1943 donde los americanos e ingleses prometieron la isla a los chinos tras la derrota de Jap n Este ser a el principio de todos los problemas que nos describe el libro, donde una vez finalizada la guerra en 1945, el tratado se hizo efectivo y se cedi la isla a los chinos continentales en aquel momento el KMT y entraron en la isla como en tierra conquistada Esto supuso una gran decepci n para los taiwaneses, que al principio ve an con buenos ojos volver a ser un territorio de la china continental, pero cuando fueron conscientes que no se les iba a dar ning n tipo de autonom a, y el gobierno iba a caer en manos de los continentales, empezaron a echar de menos a los japoneses Desde 1945 en adelante, la isla estar a sometida a un r gimen opresivo y corrupto, que causar a el incidente del 228 28 de febrero de 1947 donde los locales se manifestaron contra el gobierno, y el gobierno en acto brutal de represi n se carg a decenas de miles As el KMT declar la ley marcial hasta finales de los a os 80 casi cuarenta a os de ley marcial Es bajo esta persepectiva donde los t rminos legitimidad y soberan a empiezan a tambalearse Est claro que un dominio tan represivo y brutal con su poblaci n, sobretodo cuando viene de fuera de la isla, no parece en absoluto leg timo, pero cuando la poblaci n local empieza a ahogarse entre las oleadas de inmigraci n masiva de la china continental y que ve con ojos m s ben volos a ese mismo gobierno, los l mites ya no quedan tan claros Es lo que pas con Taiw n donde en 1945 hab a 5 millones de habitantes en la isla y hacia 1959 alcanzaban casi los 10 millones debido a la masiva emigraci n de la China continental llevados por la guerra civil Y todo esto, en qu papel deja a la China Comunista o PRC del d a de hoy Son sus pretensiones justificadas No parece que las reivindicaciones del PRC sean muy diferentes de las que tuvo el KMT en 1945 Qu significa ser Taiwan s hoy en d a En todas las jugadas geoestrat gicas que condicionan el mapa terrestre, est claro que el pensimiento local tiene un alcance muy corto y d bil en el tiempo, y tras a os de dominio e imposici n, lo que se consideraba sacr lego se considera sagrado.Esta reflexi n viene por los comentarios en el libro en referencia a las diferencias entre los taiwaneses y los chinos continentales pero tambi n c mo en un primer momento ve an con buenos ojos el volver a estar unificados hasta que fueron conscientes del expolio al que fueron sometidos As an island, settled long ago by Chinese who had left China proper to get away from it and with a centuries long tradition of separation and pioneer independence, Formosa had been easily ceded by China to Japan in 1895 Fifty years of intensive social and economic development under Japanese direction had made it wealthy and had given the Formosan people a standard of living far beyond that of any province in China Formosan leaders had turned toward the Western world we were about to restore them to a New China, sponsored, guided, and brought forward into world affairs by the United States They knew well enough that Formosa was far ahead of any mainland province in physical development and social well being, and they looked forward with pride and zest to the part they might play in building a new country We are afraid the United Nations recognizes Formosans as similar to Chinese We are sure that Formosans have the blood connection with them, but you should inspect our nature which have already been changed and promoted for 50 years through Japanese culture in every sort of scholarship Especially we have learnt patriotism and anti tyranny because of them The Cairo Congress drove us into this Living HellHere before our eyes was repeated the drama of bitter choice which the American colonists had had to make in 1776 There were those who loved England, but loved freedom Formosans are Chinese in the same sense that Americans are English American rebellion took place when the colonies had a population of less than four million, all told Formosa had a population exceeding six million Therefore we Chinese cannot but give our urgent cry to these six million Taiwan brothers saying that We are all Chinese and descendants of the Great Han race, that from our origin we are brothers of the same blood, that we have been separated because of Taiwan s half century under the Japanese.En estas afirmaciones se observa el contraste, por un lado c mo sienten esa patria com n, pero por otro lado, desde el momento en que son conscientes del retraso administrativo y cultural de los chinos continentales, c mo quieren poner tierra de por medio.Es por estas razones que este libro ilustra, aunque no sea su intenci n, las complejidades inherentes a los fundamentos de un estado Qu es un pa s Un sentimiento o una administraci n, una voluntad o una imposici n Al margen, resaltar las aserciones del autor donde se nos deja claro que los taiwaneses no quer an saber nada del comunismo for a half century the island had been cut off from the confusion of civil war on the Chinese mainland There were no local warlords, and no Communist organizations The few avowed Communists on Formosa had long been in jail, at hard labor, or on probation under surveillance After many years of intensive anti Communist indoctrination, a fundamental distrust of Communist promises and ideology had taken root There were no hungry masses to which the Communists might appeal the Formosans were not at all prepared to turn to the Communists for help Communism had made no headway in prosperous prewar Formosa There were no concentrations of industry to produce a radical urban proletariat There had been full employment and a slowly rising standard of living in town and countryside alike This was not the proper soil for communism Between the two world wars the Japanese had hunted down agents and agitators who entered from Shanghai or Canton or Tokyo, driving them from the island or thrusting them into jail Organizations suspected of leftist sympathies were kept under strict surveillance It should be recalled that the Japanese drive to suppress communism began with the Russian revolution, and that it continued with unwavering zeal while Chiang Kai shek and his son, Ching kuo, in turn studied communism and communist techniques in Moscow When MacArthur s orders freed all political prisoners in the Japanese Empire in 1945, the Communists held in Formosa were released There were no cheering crowds awaiting them at the penitentiary gates Some left the island promptly and some returned quietly to their village homes Events were soon to show that some sixteen months after Japan s surrender there were fewer than fifty self declared Communists on Formosa in a population exceeding six millions We repudiate, therefore, all forms of totalitarian dictatorship, Chinese Communist or Nationalist The Formosans are against the Communists and do not want to merge with Communist China Chiang Ching kuo and Communist China know this fact better than anyone else The communist s China consequently fears the Formosans and Chinese liberalsbitterly than they fear the Nationalist government.Y sin embargo, c mo los comunistas de la china continental quer an tambi n quedarse con Taiw n Let no one underestimate the degree to which the Communists are seeking to take advantage of the political situation on Formosa As might be expected, they are playing both ends against the middle To the Nationalists, they urge a return to the motherland, with all past sins being forgiven To the Formosans, they promise the rights of cultural autonomy and freedom from the American Chiang Kai shek clique Presumably, they hope that few Formosans know the true Communist record in Tibet and Sinkiang Communist leaders state most emphatically that the Formosan Problem must be solved and Peking s claims to the island must be recognized before there can be any consideration of other issues outstanding between the United States and China They promise the Formosans liberation The Formosans on their part think of it as a threat rather than as a promise.Y en definitiva surgi el problema de las dos chinas After 1960 there began to be serious talk of two Chinas and the talk was not Chinese Washington knows that Peking will never recognize the existence of a second China, and neither will Chiang Kai shek at Taipei It is difficult to believe that the United Nations could be persuaded by the United States to recognize a Big China and a Little China Por ltimo, ser a estupendo encontrar un libro que enlace el final de ste con la situaci n actual Al fin y al cabo, el gobierno del KMT que aqu se describe s lo acarrea opresi n y decadencia donde el desarrollo impulsado por los japoneses cae en desgracia Sin embargo, todos sabemos del impulso econ mico que volvi a tener Taiw n en las ltimas d cadas del siglo XX el conocido como Taiwan Miracle En particular quisiera conocer c mo esta per odo influy en la mentalidad de la sociedad, especialmente en la poblaci n nativa los descendientes de la primera oleada en las guerras Ming , y cu l es la opini n actual del gobierno y democracia taiwaneses En definitiva Formosa Betrayed es un libro estupendamente documentado sobre los incidentes del 228, al que debo un enorme agradecimiento por aportarme tanta informaci n que desconoc a Sobretodo teniendo en cuenta que cog este libro con una mentalidad simplista, donde el PRC es la amenaza y el KMT el gobierno leg timo de la isla My full review here this is an immensely important, firsthand history of the White Terror and the brutality of the Chinese Nationalist reign over Taiwan It s a thoroughly discarded history which has until recently remained buried under significant and hefty propaganda Check out my review My full review here this is an immensely important, firsthand history of the White Terror and the brutality of the Chinese Nationalist reign over Taiwan It s a thoroughly discarded history which has until recently remained buried under significant and hefty propaganda Check out my review I usually breeze through books in hours, and it took me nearly six months to read this book Mostly because it was so painful, I couldn t stand to read it for too long because I d be so mad after two chapters It makes me see both the US and Taiwan in a new light, and reminds me that life is very different when you live in a country that is not a superpower A powerful book that I m glad George Kerr had the courage to write The flyleaf summary ends, This book leaves the reader angry and inform I usually breeze through books in hours, and it took me nearly six months to read this book Mostly because it was so painful, I couldn t stand to read it for too long because I d be so mad after two chapters It makes me see both the US and Taiwan in a new light, and reminds me that life is very different when you live in a country that is not a superpower A powerful book that I m glad George Kerr had the courage to write The flyleaf summary ends, This book leaves the reader angry and informed That about sums it up Probably the most important memoir from early postwar Taiwan, cited in almost every work I have read about Taiwan on the post 1945 period As with all such memoirs needs to be read and used with care but I am interested to see that this book, published long after the events he describes match contemporary reports I saw filed by Kerr in state department archives I came across from when he was based at the consul in Taiwan. It s true that history books are written by the winners, which is why understanding the true history of Taiwan Formosa is so difficult Written by an American diplomat stationed in Taiwan during the 228 Incident, this book offers a detailed look at the Formosan people s history of abuse and degradation by various regional and global powers over the years It puts so much in context regarding Taiwan s current political situation with both China and the United States I highly recommend this book It s true that history books are written by the winners, which is why understanding the true history of Taiwan Formosa is so difficult Written by an American diplomat stationed in Taiwan during the 228 Incident, this book offers a detailed look at the Formosan people s history of abuse and degradation by various regional and global powers over the years It puts so much in context regarding Taiwan s current political situation with both China and the United States I highly recommend this book to anyone trying to understand Taiwan